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Clinton "Clint" Eastwood, Jr. (born May 31, 1930) is an American actor, film director, film producer and composer. He has received five Academy Awards, five Golden Globe Awards, a Screen Actors Guild Award and five People's Choice Awards—including one for Favorite All-Time Motion Picture Star.

Eastwood is primarily known for his alienated, morally ambiguous, anti-hero acting roles in violent action and western films, particularly in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. Following his role on the long-running television series Rawhide, he went on to star as the Man With No Name in the Dollars trilogy of Spaghetti Westerns and as Inspector Harry Callahan in the Dirty Harry film series. These roles have made him an enduring icon of masculinity. Eastwood is also known for his comedic efforts in Every Which Way but Loose (1978) and Any Which Way You Can (1980), his two highest-grossing films after adjustment for inflation.

For his work in the films Unforgiven (1992) and Million Dollar Baby (2004), Eastwood won Academy Awards for Best Director, producer of the Best Picture and received nominations for Best Actor. He also received Oscar nominations as Best Director for Mystic River (2003) and Letters from Iwo Jima (2007), along with a Golden Globe for his direction of Bird (1988). These films in particular, as well as others such as Play Misty for Me (1971), The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976), Escape from Alcatraz (1979), In the Line of Fire (1993), The Bridges of Madison County (1995) and Gran Torino (2008) have all received great critical acclaim and commercial success. He has directed most of his movies since the early 1970s and all of his films dating back to 1993's A Perfect World.

He also served as the non-partisan mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea, California from 1986-1988, tending to support small business interests on the one hand and environmental protection on the other.

Eastwood was born in San Francisco, California, to Clinton Eastwood Sr., a steelworker and migrant worker and Margaret Ruth Eastwood (née Runner) (1909 - 2006), a factory worker. Clint was born a relatively large baby at 11 pounds and 6 ounces and was named "Samson" by the nurses in the hospital because of his size. Eastwood has English, Scottish, Dutch and Irish ancestry. He was raised in a "middle class Protestant home" and moved often as his father worked at a variety of jobs along the West Coast. The family settled in Piedmont, California, during Eastwood's teens, and he attended Piedmont Junior High School and then Piedmont Senior High School from January 1945 to January 1946.
Oakland Technical High School

Eastwood was not interested in academic studies and records indicate he had to attend summer school classes to maintain grades. Although he had many friends, many of them rich unlike himself, he was something of a rebel, and despite having athletic and musical talents shunned playing on school teams and in school bands. Because of his height and athletic abilities people believed he would have made a good basketball player but he was more interested in individualistic middle-class sports like tennis and golf, a passion he retains today.He then enrolled at Oakland Technical High School where he caught the attention of drama teachers who encouraged him to enlist in school plays but showed no interest, and according to Clint, "fast cars and easy women" were all he had on his mind. Instead he joined auto mechanic courses and aircraft maintenance, and rebuilt a plane and car engine. Cars were of major importance to Eastwood and he and his wealthy friends enjoyed drag racing, joyriding and raced Fords and Chevies. He also became a keen pianist, and according to a friend, "would actually play the piano until his fingers were bleeding".

By early 1949, his father had moved jobs to a plant in Seattle and Eastwood had to move in with a friend, Harry Pendleton, to finish his studies. He graduated from Oakland soon after in 1949. Around this time he was invited to a house party in Malibu where he met Howard Hawks, the film director, who along with John Ford would later influence his own career. Eastwood then rejoined his family in Seattle and he worked at the Weyerhaeuser Company pulp mill in Springfield, Oregon with his father when he was 19 for just over a year.Eastwood then worked briefly as a lifeguard after obtaining a certificate from a Red Cross course, and played ragtime piano at a bar in Oakland.

Eastwood had intended on going to Seattle University to major in music but in 1950, during the Korean War, Eastwood was drafted into the U.S. Army. He was posted to Fort Ord where his certificate as a lifeguard saw him appointed as a life-saving and swimming instructor. In fear of being posted to the war scene in Korea, Eastwood kept a low profile and excelled as an instructor, and was promoted to corporal. During this time he visited Carmel for the first time and remarked that "someday I'd like to live here", although later confessed that he had caught the unwanted attention of a 23 year old school teacher from Carmel, a one night stand, who stalked him and threatened to kill herself.
Point Reyes where Eastwood survived a plane crash in October 1951

In October 1951, he was aboard a Douglas AD-1 military flight that crashed into the Pacific Ocean north of San Francisco (Drake's Bay). It had departed from Seattle for Mather Air Force Base near Stockton and when the intercommunications system failed, the plane was forced to belly land in the sea at dusk two miles off Point Reyes. He escaped serious injury, and with the help of an inflatable raft, swam to shore. The crash hit headline news on October 1, 1951 on the front page of the San Francisco Chronicle. He later had to testify at a hearing investigating the cause of the crash and this helped keep him from being shipped to Korea with the rest of his unit. During his military service, Eastwood became friends with fellow soldiers and future actors Martin Milner and David Janssen.

Eastwood left Fort Ord in the spring of 1951 and moved back up to Seattle where he worked as a lifeguard for sometime. However, as he had little money and few friends in Seattle and moved down to Los Angeles. During this time, Eastwood picked up a romance with a girl named Maggie Johnson and by day he worked managing an apartment house which he then moved into in Beverly Hills and worked at the Signal Oil gas station by night. He signed up to study at Los Angeles City College and quickly became engaged to Maggie and was married shortly before Christmas 1953 in South Pasadena and honeymooned in Carmel, with friend Harry Pendleton as his best man.
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